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Fraud Risk



Fraud is a deliberate act of deception, typically carried out for financial gain or to secure some unfair or unlawful advantage. It involves intentionally misrepresenting facts, information, or intentions to deceive others. Fraud can take various forms and occur in different contexts, including financial transactions, business operations, personal interactions, and more.


Fraud risk?

Fraud risk refers to the potential that an individual, organisation, or system might engage in deceptive or dishonest activities to achieve financial gain or other benefits. It involves the possibility of misrepresenting information, manipulating transactions, or exploiting vulnerabilities to deceive others. Organisations often assess and manage fraud risk to prevent or mitigate the impact of fraudulent activities.


Fraud Risk Assessment?

A Fraud Risk Assessment is a systematic process that involves identifying, evaluating, and understanding the potential risks and vulnerabilities within an organisation that could lead to fraudulent activities. It typically involves analysing various aspects of the organisation's operations, processes, and systems to determine where weaknesses or opportunities for fraud might exist. The goal of a Fraud Risk Assessment is to proactively identify and address areas where fraud is more likely to occur, enabling the organisation to implement controls and measures to prevent, detect, and respond to fraudulent activities effectively.

Master 1 - Infographic 13 - Fraud Risk - R03


Fraud risk exist?

Asset Misappropriation

This involves the theft or misuse of an organisation's assets, such as cash, inventory, equipment, or intellectual property. Examples include embezzlement, theft, and inventory shrinkage.

Financial Statement Fraud

This type of fraud involves deliberately misrepresenting financial information to deceive stakeholders. Examples include inflating revenues, understating expenses, and falsifying records.


Corruption involves the misuse of power or authority for personal gain. It includes bribery, kickbacks, extortion, and conflicts of interest. Corruption can occur internally or involve third parties.

Cyber Fraud

With the increasing reliance on technology, cyber fraud involves unauthorised access to systems, data breaches, and online scams. Phishing, identity theft, and hacking are common cyber fraud tactics.

Employee Fraud

Employee fraud is committed by individuals within the organisation. It can involve manipulating expenses, inflating reimbursements, and falsifying time records.

Customer Fraud

Some customers may engage in fraudulent activities, such as providing false information to receive discounts, returning stolen merchandise, or making fake insurance claims.

Healthcare Fraud

In the healthcare industry, fraud can involve billing for services not provided, submitting false insurance claims, and prescribing unnecessary treatments.

Investment and Securities Fraud

This occurs when individuals or entities deceive investors by providing false or misleading information to manipulate securities prices or gain investment funds illegally.

Mortgage and Real Estate Fraud

This type of fraud involves misrepresentation or deception in real estate transactions.

Identity Theft

Identity theft occurs when someone gains unauthorised access to personal information to commit fraud, such as opening credit accounts or making purchases in the victim's name.

Insider Trading

Insider trading involves trading securities based on non-public information about a company. It's illegal and can result in unfair gains for those with access to privileged information.

False Claims

Organisations may make false claims to government agencies to receive payments or benefits. This often occurs in industries with government contracts or subsidies.

Credit Card Fraud

This involves using stolen credit card information to make unauthorised purchases or withdrawals. It can occur through online transactions, point-of-sale terminals, or skimming devices.

Charity Fraud

Some individuals or organisations may misuse charitable funds for personal gain, misrepresenting the intended use of donations or not using funds for their intended purpose.

Tax Fraud

Tax fraud involves intentionally misrepresenting information on tax returns to reduce tax liability or claim false refunds.


Fraud Risk Assessment?

Fraud Risk Assessments are important for a wide range of organisations, regardless of their size or industry. Any entity that handles financial transactions, sensitive information, or valuable assets can benefit from conducting a Fraud Risk Assessment, including:


Large corporations often have dedicated internal audit or risk management teams that conduct regular Fraud Risk Assessments to safeguard against potential fraudulent activities.

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

Even smaller businesses can be vulnerable to fraud, so conducting a Fraud Risk Assessment helps them identify and address potential risks.

Nonprofit Organisations

Nonprofits handle donations and funds, making them susceptible to fraudulent activities. Conducting a Fraud Risk Assessment helps ensure transparency and accountability.

Government Agencies

Government entities manage public funds and sensitive data, making Fraud Risk Assessment crucial to prevent financial mismanagement and corruption.

Financial Institutions

Banks, credit unions, and other financial institutions conduct Fraud Risk Assessments to protect customer assets and sensitive financial information.

Healthcare Organisations

Healthcare providers need to safeguard patient data and financial transactions, making Fraud Risk Assessments vital to maintain trust and security.

Educational Institutions

Schools and universities handle financial transactions and student records, necessitating Fraud Risk Assessments to prevent misappropriation of funds and data breaches.

Any Entity with Financial Transactions

Any organisation that handles financial transactions, both monetary and non-monetary, should consider conducting Fraud Risk Assessments to mitigate potential risks.

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Fraud Risk Assessment?

Conducting a Fraud Risk Assessment offers several important benefits for organisations:

Identify Vulnerabilities

A Fraud Risk Assessment helps identify areas within your organisation that are vulnerable to fraudulent activities, whether they involve financial transactions, data manipulation, or other forms of deception.

Prevent Financial Loss

By identifying and addressing potential fraud risks, you can take preventive measures to minimise the likelihood of financial losses due to fraudulent activities.

Protect Reputation

Fraudulent activities can seriously damage an organisation's reputation. Conducting a Fraud Risk Assessment helps maintain trust among stakeholders, customers, and partners.

Compliance Requirements

Many industries have regulatory requirements related to fraud prevention. Conducting a Fraud Risk Assessment ensures compliance with these regulations and helps avoid legal consequences.

Enhance Controls

The assessment enables you to implement stronger internal controls, such as segregation of duties, access controls, and monitoring systems, to prevent and detect fraudulent activities.

Better Resource Allocation

By understanding where fraud risks exist, you can allocate resources more effectively to address high-priority areas and reduce the risk of financial harm.

Employee Awareness

A Fraud Risk Assessment can raise awareness among employees about the importance of ethical behaviour, fraud detection, and reporting suspicious activities.

Early Detection

The assessment helps you establish mechanisms for early detection of potential fraud, allowing you to take prompt action to mitigate its impact.

Strategic Decision-Making

With a clearer understanding of fraud risks, you can make informed decisions to safeguard your organisation's financial stability and strategic goals.

Long-Term Sustainability

By proactively managing fraud risks, you contribute to the long-term sustainability of your organisation, ensuring its continued growth and success.

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Fraud Risk Assessment?

Conducting a Fraud Risk Assessment involves several steps:

Establish Objectives

Define the goals of the assessment, such as identifying potential fraud risks, evaluating their impact, and implementing preventive measures.

Assemble a Team

Form a multidisciplinary team that includes representatives from various departments, such as finance, operations, legal, and compliance.

Identify Assets and Processes

List all the assets, processes, and areas of your organisation that could be susceptible to fraud, including financial transactions, data handling, and employee activities.

Identify Potential Risks

Brainstorm potential fraud risks associated with each asset or process. Consider scenarios where fraud could occur, such as unauthorised access to financial systems or manipulation of records.

Assess Impact and Likelihood

Evaluate the impact and likelihood of each identified fraud risk. This helps prioritise risks and focus efforts on the most significant threats.

Implement Controls

Develop and implement controls to mitigate identified risks. These controls could include segregation of duties, access controls, monitoring systems, and whistleblower mechanisms.

Policies and Procedures

Create clear policies and procedures that outline how to prevent and respond to fraud. Ensure employees are aware of these policies and understand their roles.

Training and Awareness

Provide training to employees about fraud risks, prevention measures, and how to report suspicious activities. Raise awareness about the importance of ethical behaviour.

Monitor and Review

Continuously monitor the effectiveness of the implemented controls. Regularly review and update the assessment to account for changes in processes, technologies, or external factors.

Response Plan

Develop a response plan that outlines the steps to take if fraud is detected. This includes conducting investigations, involving legal authorities if necessary, and communicating with stakeholders.

Engage Auditors

Involve internal and external auditors to review the assessment process and provide an objective evaluation of your organisation's fraud risk management.

Ongoing Improvement

Use the insights gained from the assessment to refine your fraud prevention strategies over time. Adapt to new risks and challenges that may emerge.


Fraud Risk Assessments?

When conducting a fraud risk assessment, it's important to consider a wide range of risk factors that could contribute to potential fraudulent activities, some key risk factors to consider include:

Remember that the specific risk factors can vary depending on the nature of your organisation, industry, and operating environment. It's essential to conduct a thorough assessment tailored to your organisation's unique circumstances to effectively identify and mitigate fraud risks.


Fraud risk and control module?

Arctic has developed a fraud risk and control module. Risk groups, risk categories, risk factors and indicators contained in this module include:

Hover over the Fraud Risk Module “Wheel” to zoom in on any areas of interest.


Download our Fraud Risk and Control Module Brochure

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Access the Content Module Overview

The content module overview provides an introduction to fraud and outlines the necessity and methods for its implementation.

Additionally, it presents the Arctic Intelligence Risk Assessment Platform, highlighting its potential advantages for your business.

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fraud modules